Small sachets of fortified food supplements added to the daily diet of infants in low- and middle-income countries have shown remarkable results in preventing child mortality and malnutrition while promoting healthy development. .. New findings from researchers at the University of California at Davis, based on a combined analysis of data from 14 trials American Journal of Clinical Nutrition..
This study considered randomized controlled trials. Children, aged 6 to 24 months, received 4 teaspoons (20 grams) of fat-based nutrients per day. extra chargeThis is usually a paste containing oil, peanut butter, powdered milk, vitamins and minerals. The study was conducted in seven countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Bangladesh and Haiti.
Kathryn Dewey, project leader and professor emeritus at the University of California, Davis School of Nutrition and the Global Institute, said: Nutrition. Dewey has played an important role in the collaborative research group that has developed various formulations of small amounts of lipid-based dietary supplements since 2003.
The study involved more than 37,000 children. People who take supplements have a 12% to 14% lower prevalence of stunting, short stature, and a prevalence of 16% to 19% due to impaired speech, social, emotional and motor development. It was low. Children also had a 16% lower prevalence of anemia and a 64% lower prevalence of iron deficiency anemia. This is based on a previous study showing a 27% reduction in 6-24 month mortality in children who received supplements.
Wide range of advantages
The study showed the benefits of the intervention regardless of community, sanitation level, stunting, water quality, malaria epidemic or household food insecurity.
âI was impressed with the consistency of the results across the country and the research environment,â said Kristen Stewart, co-author, professor of nutrition and director of the Global Nutrition Institute. “I thought there would be more change, so it was amazing how similar the effects were.”
The results show that, for some outcomes, the most disadvantaged children are the most likely to benefit from the intervention. Infants who were malnourished at the start of the procedure benefited from more developmental and iron status supplements compared to other infants. The improvement in development through supplements was also significant for children from low socioeconomic households and children from areas with high stunting burdens.
New evidence from this and other meta-analysis Lancet Add small amounts of lipid-based dietary supplements to the list of interventions that need to be scaled up to reduce maternal and child malnutrition in the latest round of maternal and child malnutrition. This establishes an evidence-based global agenda to tackle malnutrition. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition Policy makers and program planners are encouraged to include these dietary supplements in their packaging. intervention A strategy to tackle the multiple causes of stunting in early childhood. Such interventions can meet several sustainable development goals set by the United Nations, including zero hunger, health and well-being.
Kathryn G Dewey et al, A Small Amount of Lipid-Based Dietary Supplements for Preventing Malnutrition and Promoting Healthy Development in Children: Meta-analysis of Individual Participant Data and Overview of Programmatic Implications, Journal of American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2021). DOI: 10.1093 / ajcn / nqab279
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Prevent child malnutrition and promote healthy development with sachets of fortified food supplements Prevent child malnutrition and promote healthy development with sachets of fortified food supplements